Friday, April 17, 2009

Banknote : German Reich Republic (Country#56)

German Reich Republic
10000 Mark, Issued in 19 Jan 1922
Many Thanks to FRANZ DIPPNER
Deutsches Reich was the official name for Germany from 1871 to 1945 in the German language. Its direct literal translation in English is “German Empire”, however this full translation is only used when describing Germany under Hohenzollern rule (until 1918). For the entire 1871-1945 period, the English name given for Germany was the partially translated “German Reich” (pronounced /ˈdʒɝmən ˈraɪx/)Following the German Kaiser’s (again partially translated, German Emperor fully translated) abdication of the German Empire after World War I, the word “Empire” was dropped and the official name used in English was the “German Reich”. Informally, this nation was also simply known as Germany.
The name “deutsches Reich” was also often applied in contemporary maps to the supranational Holy Roman Empire (911–1806). The history of Germany during the time of the (second) German Reich is conventionally broken into three distinct periods:
· the monarchy under Hohenzollern rule, known in English as the German Empire (1871-1918)
· the democratic republic, known retrospectively as the Weimar Republic (1919-1933)
· the totalitarian dictatorship commonly known as the Third Reich or Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Following the de-facto annexation of Austria in 1938, Germany informally named itself the Greater German Reich (German: Großdeutsches Reich). This name was made the official state name only during the last two years (1943-1945) of Nazi rule.

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